We all have that special list of plants, which we love planting over and over again. However, planting herbs and plants from seeds can sometimes be tedious and time-consuming.
You have to repeat the same procedure all over again, wait for a great amount of time until the plant gets the needed size and growth that we want.
When growing new herbs and plants, it’s good to do a little research about the plants which you will grow in your garden and in particular, to do a little research about the new ways of planting herbs and plants, besides from scratch, with seeds.
For instance, growing plants from cuttings is a better way to create a new plant in your garden, for less the amount of time and for a very less cost.
Growing plants and herbs from the cuttings of the existing parent plants and herbs is a very convenient and reasonable process, it’s like cloning your own or your neighbor’s plant.
Due to the fact that your cutting has already grown and has achieved a proper height and size, it’s logical to think that plants from cuttings will grow faster and have a better chance to resemble their parent plant.
On the other hand, if you decide to grow a plant from scratch, by planting its seeds, you are taking the risk to grow a less successful plant and maybe fruitless plant. Sometimes in gardening, we just need that luck to grow a perfectly healthy plant, in order to increase the stock of plants and herbs in our garden.
Another great feature about this process is that you can choose plants and herbs with great characteristics and the chance of getting the same, exact plant is extremely high, maybe that’s the reason why so many people are choosing cuttings over seeds.
You can also exchange cuttings with friends and neighbors and by doing so, you will save a lot of money and will expand the variety of plants and herbs.
Some plants and herbs don’t have seeds which you can grow, so using cuttings is the only option. Before you consider growing plants from cuttings, here are some things you need to take into consideration:
- The types of cuttings
- The process of rooting the cuttings
- The list of plants which you can grow from cuttings
The Types of Cuttings
Some plants can be grown from different parts of the stem and others can be grown from the root or the leaf cuttings.
Hardwood cuttings– These cuttings are taken in fall and winter and are ready by the following spring. They are taken from woody and mature stems and are prepared when the shrubs start shedding leaves. By doing so, the plants will have enough roots to be planted in spring.
Softwood cuttings– These cuttings are actually taken from new stems and they should be kept until they start to produce roots, which is a very quick process. They are taken in late spring or early summer and they are ready in the same season.
Semi-ripe cuttings– These cuttings are somewhere in between Hardwood and Softwood. The stems are semi-mature and the root requires more time to grow, that’s why the cuttings are taken in summer, so the climate will help them growth.
Heel cuttings– These cuttings are taken from an old, mature root and are actually taken from the parent root, meaning they have a part from the main stem or the heel.
Tip cuttings– These cuttings are typical for growing herbs and are taken from the growing tip, bellow a node, long about 6 to 8 inches.
Basal cuttings– These cuttings should be long 6 to 10 inches and cut as close to the main stem as possible.
Leaf cuttings– There are many plants, like the succulents, which grow plants from leaves, unlike the begonias and snake plants, which grow plants from parts of the stem.
Stem sections– Some plants can be grown from their long stems, usually cane-forming plants. Both ends of the cutting should be even, so you must be careful about which side is the root and which is not.
Root sections– Some plants like we’ve mentioned previously, grow better from root cuttings rather than from stem cuttings. Like for example, the Californian tree poppy or the sumac.
The Process of Rooting the Cuttings
Before you plant the cuttings, you need to prepare the rooting process. For instance, fleshy stems need to be kept a day or few in order to form a callus or woody cuttings, you have to remove the outer layer, so the cambial tissue exposes.
After you’ve prepared the cuttings, it’s obligatory to keep them moist. Combine sand or perlite as well as peat moss to hold the moisture, fertilizer is not a good option at this point and you should definitely avoid garden soil, in order to avoid disease organisms.
If you cover the pots, you will create a humid environment which will help the growth. But, bear in mind that regular moistening is crucial as well as drainage. If the plant grows roots in the water, be careful because the root is extremely fragile and you can easily ruin it.
If you decide to grow some specific plants, which take a longer period to root, you may consider using hormones, however fertilizers are avoided in case of hormone usage.
Here’s a list of 20 plants which grow better from cuttings:
1.Lavender– Lavender is grown from tip cuttings, around 3 inches, and it’s rooted in a cold frame. Then, it’s transplanted into garden beds, after 4 to 6 weeks.
2. Rosemary– For new rosemary plant, take tip cuttings in the spring or basal or heel cuttings in fall, rooted in cold frames. Take few cuttings in separate pots, covered with plastic dome, in order to avoid a great number of rosemary plants.
3. Rose– Rose is grown from hardwood cuttings, thick as a pencil, during fall and remember to water them during winter period.
4. Thyme- Thyme is grown from tip cuttings during the summer, you can take several types of thyme and put them in a moist potting medium.
5. Comfrey– Comfrey is grown from root cuttings, in spring or fall. The root cuttings are from the parent plant, from its root and planted in worked bed, covered with mulch.
6. Basil– Basil can be grown in both ways, from seeds and from tip cuttings. Take the cuttings anytime of the year and keep it in a warm place, but away from the sun.
7. Snake plant– You can make a great number of plants from one snake plant only. Take 2 to 3 sections of the leaf and use it to grow new plants. However, new plants will not carry the original variegation and sections of rhizomes are planted in order to keep the variegation.
8. Holly– Take cuttings from female bush, in fall. Dip them in hormone powder and put them in a pot in a moist rooting medium. Keep the pots inside.
9. African violets– This plant is grown from young leaves of the leafy stalk. Poke a hole with a chopstick at the angle of 70-degree, insert a stalk, put it in a tray of moist compost and sand and keep it in a bright place.
10. Geranium– It is best if you wilt the parent plant in order for the cuttings to root better. Long cuttings should be rooted and cut 12 hours after watering the parent plant.
11. Fuchsia– Take tip cuttings during spring, together with 3 pairs of leaves, put them in a moist mixture of compost and sand and cover it for warmth. Plant them during summer days in order to get flowers.
12. Sage- This plant is grown from semi-ripe basal cuttings in fall, kept in medium warm and a moist atmosphere and they are transplanted during spring.
13. Californian tree poppy– Take 3 inch sections from roots in December, put them in a tray of moist mixture from compost and sand. During the summer, it’s planted outside.
14. Horseradish– Take 3 inch sections from the root in spring and plant them in a garden bed, a foot apart.
15. Weigela– Take softwood or semi-ripe cuttings in spring or early summer or hardwood cuttings in fall. Softwood cuttings are planted in fall and hardwood cuttings are kept over the winter in a cold frame and planted the following spring.
16. Hydrangea– This plant is grown from tip cuttings with 3 to 4 leaves, the lowest pair is removed, the stem is trimmed closer to the node and it’s put in a moist rooting medium under plastic sheets.
17. Aluminum plant– Aluminum plant is grown similarly to Hydrangea. Tip cuttings are taken, stripped the lower leaves and the stem is trimmed at the node. Remember to keep the moist, until you notice new growth.
18. Dumb cane– Take leafy heads and leave them a day or two to form a callus. Put them in individual containers, on warm and bright place. Take bare canes, 2 inches above the soil and divide them into 3 inch sections in trays containing compost and peat. Keep it covered until the shoots grow over the soil line.
19. Chinese evergreen– Take tip cuttings, put them in a moist mixture of compost and sand. Make 3 inch sections of the stem and put them in a tray, horizontally, into a moist sand-peat mixture, cover them partially with sand and close them with transparent plastic. New plants are put in separate pots.
20. Philodendrons– This plant is grown from tip cuttings with 2 to 3 nodes, they grow easiest, when the root forms and they sometimes grow from the tip before the growth of the root. Moreover, mid sections with 2 to 3 nodes can also work, but they may require a longer development period.