Gum health is one of the most important factors in excellent oral health, and having gums that are dark or blackened can be a cause for concern. The good news is that black gums don’t always mean a bad thing, as there are numerous reasons for it. On one hand, it can be caused by completely harmless reasons, such as ethnic background, heredity, or certain medications. On the other hand, it can also be caused by an advanced form of gingivitis, or periodontal disease.
- Causes of black gums
- Ethnic background and sun exposure
Black gums can occur due to a higher concentration of melanin. It can also be caused by imbalances in pigmentation and are more prevalent in darker-skinned races (although it is not uncommon in any race). Excessive exposure to the sun can also be a factor, as it causes melanin in the skin and gums to darken.
- Treatment and medication
Some people develop darkened or spotty gums under getting dentures, fillings, and crowns. Gum discoloration caused by dental treatment is called amalgam tattoo, which occurs when tiny pieces from a filling or cap get wedged into the gums. The condition is harmless and ma look like a blue or black tattoo in the mouth.
Certain medications, such as minocycline, tricyclic antidepressants, or antimalarial agents may also cause the gums to darken and get discolored.
- Poor dental hygiene
Not brushing your teeth regularly can also lead to darkened gums, called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis. This can cause a grayish film to build upon the gums and is caused by poor dental hygiene. Negligence to brush your teeth for an extended period of time does not just darken gums, it can also lead to advanced gum disease called periodontitis which causes your gums to recede and your teeth to become loose and eventually fall off.
- Treatment of black gums
If you suffer from darkened gums, there are certain treatment options for you to choose from.
The cosmetic bleaching procedures are commonly used by many dentists and periodontitis, which can lighten gums and improve their overall appearance. These treatments are painless and have a quick effect. However the bleaching treatment cost high and cannot alter the melanin pigment permanently, you may need a repeating treatment twice a year.
You can also practice excellent dental care to prevent dark gums, which means brushing your teeth religiously after every meal or at least twice a day, this is what we recommend! Frequent and proper brushing, without being too abrasive or too harsh on your teeth and gums, is the key to maintaining gum health.
Comparing with the normal tooth brush, the electric toothbrush is more powerful, it will make sure your teeth are as clean as they can be. If you are unsure of what type or which brand to pick, you can search the electric toothbrushes review online.
To use your electric toothbrush properly, make sure that it is at a 45-degree angle to your gum line, keeping the bristles in contact with the surface of your teeth and the gum line. Make sure to apply just the right amount of pressure – that is, gentle – so you do not injure your gums further. To get the most effective results, you should brush the outer surface of your teeth using a gentle back and forth motion, moving to the inner surfaces of your teeth using the same motion. Do not forget to brush your tongue and palate for the most effective clean.
Dark gums can be unsightly, but with proper dental care, it can be prevented.