Officially, the world’s hottest pepper is the Capsicum Chinense, Carolina Reaper (AKA HP22B) and it is the demon pepper child that humankind invented. What is particularly strange about it is its excellent flavour.
If you eat hot food it normally contains chemical undertones, but this particular breed tastes sweet and fruity, which is just the calm before the storm. It is also famous for its “scorpion’s tail”, because it was created as a cross between a Pakistani Naga and Red Habanero.
The creation of Carolina Reaper
This cross was bred in South Carolina by Ed Currie at the Puckerbutt Pepper Company in Rock Hill and it was then tested at the Winthrop University. It is believed that this breed is more than 100 times hotter than a jalapeno.
The truth is, the hot pepper business is very popular, although it is hard to believe anyone would buy and taste something like this.
The business affects the spicy sauces production, too. Hot sauce’s production is one of America’s fastest growing industries. In 2012, the leading brand of sriracha hot chili sauce sold 20 million bottles, and Heinz started producing Hot & Spicy ketchup. Salsa sauce pushed its way above ketchup and became our nation’s top-selling condiment.
Data by Technomic show that in 2013, for the first time, Americans say they prefer spicy or hot sauces, dips, and condiments. Ed Currie, the father of Carolina Reaper is very happy about this information and continues with the production of this pepper.
What happens when you eat spicy food?
When you eat spicy food, there is an overwhelming and strong effect on you. This is caused by the chemical substance known as capsaicin, which can be found in chili peppers.
Actually, this strong effect is beneficial – it is caused in order to stop you from exaggerating with the spicy food. Some people, however, go over the mental and physical pain and the consequences are sometimes even fatal, leading to death.
The importance of spicy food
There is a certain pleasure in consuming spicy dishes and some cultures have prolonged their survivals by serving spicy dishes. Spicy cuisine is also connected to hotter climate. Countries with hotter climate serve spicier dishes by no coincidence, found researchers at Cornell University.
As we all know, food gets rotten at high temperatures, and people in the past who didn’t have refrigerators and lived had a hot climate, had serious issues with keeping the food fresh and good for eating.
In a study, the team of researchers also found that many spices have the ability to protect the food from the growing bacteria and fungi. One such component is capsaicin, which killed up to 75% of the food bacteria.
What happens if you eat the world’s hottest pepper?
Capsaicin, found in hot peppers and spicy food, is actually a neurotoxin, and if you exaggerate with its consumption, you cat experience seizures, heart attacks, or even death. Capsaicin is dangerous by itself. One freelance journalist working in the UK experienced consuming too much capsaicin in a burger laced in concentrated chili sauce from India.
He was directed to the hospital experiencing agonizing pain in his mouth cavity short after having a bite of the burger, and as time went by, the pain was getting worse. He said his eyes had been rolling back in his skull, he had been extremely pale and he had had difficulties speaking. This went on for three hours, but luckily he came out of the hospital safe and recovered.
The human body sees capsaicin as a foreign substance that needs to be taken out of the organism as it causes the mucous glands to go into overhaul and results into a watery mouth, overproduction of saliva, and a running nose.
What exactly happens to your brain when you eat this spicy demon? You first experience heat, although there isn’t a temperature increase. This sensation is caused again by capsaicin. Capsaicin latches onto some pain receptors, such as TRPV1, similarly activated whenever you feel hot. Thus, the brain receives a message from the heat-sensitive receptors that the body feels hot, while in fact it doesn’t.
The brain now “knows” you are overheated and starts to act against it. One of the mechanisms it activates is perspiration. In the Scientific American it was reported that this is the reason why people usually sweat a lot after eating spicy food. It does not only make you sweaty, but it also dilates your capillaries, which leads to heat reaching the surface of your body. This means you will soon get a red face and hands after eating hot food.
If spicy food is not something you eat regularly, it can upset your digestive tract and capsaicin will raise mucous production in the intestines. Not only that, but it will lead to intestine contractions, so as to eliminate the enemy substance as soon as possible. Because of that process, you can easily start vomiting or get diarrhea.
While the hot peppers business is thriving, think about all of these consequences and don’t try to challenge your health condition just because it is interesting and many celebrities have tried it on shows.