Your Complete Guide to Dog Food

Introduction

Our canine companions need a suitable environment, enough exercise, regular health checkups, and as a critical part of their wellbeing, good food. There are lots of species of dogs, each with unique traits, with a wide range of personalities as well as various genetic identities.

Due to the differences in different breeds, it pays to know that there is no universally suitable food for all dogs. Considerations about the species, age, and existing health conditions are just some that have to be made when purchasing food, to get your pet the perfect possible option.

The right food for your dog has to be uniquely  suitable and has to check all the right boxes. These are the major types of dog foods available from retailers:

  1.               Dry dog food or kibble

Dry dog food is one of the most common for your canine companion and has qualities that make it a popular choice for pet owners. Kibble has remained a great choice, and cannabis dog treats by Innovetpet have proven a healthy snack with no unwanted side effects.

Pros

  1. Kibble is the most cost-effective option for you. We always want the best for our pets, and considering that food is a long-term commitment, the price is an essential factor.  
  2. Dry dog food lasts longer and is easy to store. The period food stays fresh is critical, as you don’t want to buy food that goes bad too quickly to the extent that it goes bad before your dog has eaten it.
  3. Commercial kibble is a nutritionally complete meal, and as such, no concerns about deficiencies. Our ideal dog food needs to have all vital nutrients.
  4. Kibble comes in an impressive variety of flavors, colors, and sourcing. Due to the different packages from varying companies, prices vary too.
  5. Dry dog food comes in pellets and is not only convenient to store, but it requires no preparation as well.
  6. Hemp dog treats are a proven pain reliever and particularly good for helping senior dogs manage the challenges that come with old age.

Cons

  1. Kibble is commonly a carb-heavy meal
  2. Ingredient qualities  vary, and you can’t tell the difference
  3. Dry food will usually include low-quality ingredients and preservatives

Homemade dog food

Homemade dog food is an excellent option if you want to be sure of the content and quality of ingredients, and is famous for some reasons.

Pros

  1. Homemade food will have quality ingredients and healthy components
  2. You can control what your dog eats by choosing what goes into the meal
  3. Dogs love the taste of homemade food more than that of commercial brands
  4. There is minimal processing since the meals are prepared from scratch by the pet owner
  5. Meals prepared at home have visible health benefits and bring noticeable gains
  6. There are no artificial preservatives

Cons

  • A lack of proper understanding of animal nutrition can lead to the preparation of unhealthy meals devoid of critical nutrients
  • Preparation of meals may be a time-consuming process that is not possible for the busy pet owner
  • This food is likely to be a costlier option compared to off-the-shelf options
  • Home-cooked food has no preservatives, and poor storage may lead to short expiry periods.  
  1.     Canned (wet) food

This popular option is one of the most widely used and has unique wet ingredients.These are the pros and cons of canned dog food.

Pros

  • The presence of fluids makes canned food a more appealing option in comparison to kibble
  • Majority of canned food is a product of fresh or frozen meat, which has undergone minimal processing
  • This food has a long shelf life, remaining fresh for long periods without the inclusion of preservatives
  • Canned foods are not carb-heavy canine meals
  • This type of diet requires no preparation and is, therefore, a very convenient option
  • Commercially prepared canned foods have a nutritional value guarantee, exhibiting true completeness

Cons

  • Canned food is costlier than dry food
  • To humans, wet foods may have an unpleasant smell
  • These foods may be unsuitably fatty for select breeds
  • The quality of ingredients remains unverifiable
  1.   Retail raw dog food

These foods are complete packages, with unprocessed ingredients bought from retailers.

Pros

  • Fresh, unprocessed ingredients avail the maximum amount of nutrients for your peThe nature of the raw diet makes it closest to the conventional carnivore diet
  • Most natural foods sold commercially here are no preservatives, coloring, or artificial flavoring
  • Fresh food diets are bound to improve your canine’s health considerably
  • Raw foods, even when sold commercially, guarantee a certain level of nutritional completeness

Cons

i. There is a risk of the presence of pathogens in raw dog food
ii. Portability may be a challenge
iii. Fresh food may contain too much fat, unsuitable for some breeds
iv. Must remain continually frozen up until the time of use

  1. Dehydrated dog food
    These are foods that undergo minimal processing to achieve reduced moisture content for longer shelf life. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of dehydrated dog food.  

Pros

i. The ingredients typically undergo minimal processing
ii. Dehydrated foods have high nutritional content
iii. Less moisture negates the use of preservatives and still assures freshness over time
iv. There is a guarantee of nutritional balance with dehydrated dog foods

Cons

i. You have to trust the parent company regarding the quality of food components used
ii. Dehydrated dog food is considerably expensive
iii. Dehydrated foods still present the risk of pathogens

  1. Freeze-dried  dog food
    Freeze-drying is a method of preservation that involves the rapid freezing of food to dehydrate it and the subsequent removal of the resulting ice by sublimation.

Pros

  • Freeze-drying produces a lightweight food that is portable, with a long shelf life
  • Freeze-dried dog foods undergo minimal processing, remaining mostly raw
  • This type of dog food guarantees quality, as only the best quality ingredients are used in the production process
  • This food is perfect for dogs who suffer from poor appetite or are picky eaters

Cons

Freeze-dried foods are the most expensive option when it comes to dog food
ii. Some foods are meant to augment others for a complete nutritional balance, so remember to check the labels
iii. It may prove a challenge to find balanced freeze-dried packages, as these foods are not available at all pet stores

Different dog foods will avail a variety of benefits for your dog, and each will have unique qualities that can attest to the suitability of the brand. It pays to consult your vet regarding the best choice of dog food for your canine friend. Proper information can save you time and potential pitfalls, and this may prove priceless.

Remember to observe proper hygiene when handling your pet’s food, washing your hands and the feeding bowls consistently. Of crucial importance is remembering to check the ingredients on the package as well as the expiry dates. Your dog is your unconditional best friend, ensure that the meals measure up to the loyalty you receive.

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